Signoria

From Academic Kids

The Signoria was the government of medieval and renaissance Florence. Its nine members, the Priori, were chosen from the ranks of the guilds of the city: six of them from the major guilds, and two from the minor guilds. The ninth became the Gonfaloniere.

Selection of members

The names of all guild members over thirty years old were put in eight leather bags called borse. Every two months these bags were taken from the church of Santa Croce, where they were ordinarily kept, and in a short ceremony drawn out at random. Only men who were not in debt, had not served a recent term, and had no relation to the names of men already drawn, would be considered eligible for office.

Service in the Signoria

Immediately after they were elected, the nine were expected to move into the Palazzo della Signoria, where they would remain for the two months of their office. There they were paid a modest sum to cover their expenses. Green-liveried servants were also provided. The Priori had a uniform of crimson coats, lined with ermine and with ermine collars and cuffs.

In undertaking their governmental duties, the Signoria was required to consult two other elected councils collectively known as Collegi. The first is the Dodici Buonomini, with twelve members, and the second, Sedici Gonfaloniere, consisting of sixteen people. Other councils, like the Ten of War, the Eight of Security and the Six of Commence, were elected as the need arose.de:Signoria it:Signoria ja:シニョリーア

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